A dust storm or sand storm is a meteorological phenomenon common in arid and semi-arid regions.
Dust storms arise when a gust front or other strong wind blows loose sand and dirt from a dry surface.
Particles are transported by saltation and suspension, a process that moves soil from one place and deposits it in another.
Dust Storms are a natural phenomenon that have made life in Australia uncomfortable for many years. This photo was taken in Broken Hill NSW in 1907.
A dust storm in Brisbane in 2009 during day light hours
Information on Dust Storms modified from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dust_storm